Controlled substances are drugs strictly regulated by the federal government. People can face criminal charges when they possess controlled substances prohibited by law or when they possess legal drugs without valid prescriptions or authorization.
When people speak of drugged driving crimes, there is usually an assumption that the alleged offender is under the influence of some kind of prohibited controlled substance. It is important for people to understand that Ohio’s operating a vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs (OVI) law applies to virtually all kinds of drugs, legal and illegal.
Offenses against the family include domestic violence, child endangering, and the violation of a protection order. These cases are often emotionally charged, and can involve everything from a couple trying to reconcile a misunderstanding that police took too far to a bitter custody fight leading to false accusations. Often involving a “he said, she said” situation, these charges can be difficult for the state to prove.
Most any act that involves illegally taking the property of another party is considered theft. People charged with theft crimes in Ohio can face serious penalties if convicted of these offenses.
Many sexual interactions are remarkably private and intimate experiences, so it often comes as a shock to many people when they are later charged with sex crimes. Certain sex offenses involve allegedly aggressive violations of a person’s physical space, but other cases can be much more complicated disputes over consent.
Weapons offenses address the balance of the right to arm and protect yourself, and the state’s ability to legislate the manner and circumstances you may carry and use your weapon. These offenses are often ripe for a Fourth Amendment challenge—that is, whether the officer had a right to stop and search you in the first place.
Robbery, burglary, and theft are three terms that are commonly used to describe crimes involving property, and they are often used interchangeably. In truth, each of these crimes is distinct from one another and a person must commit certain actions in order to be charged with that offense.
While we might permit children to do certain things on occasion that are otherwise not allowed, there can be real consequences when a young person does something that actually violates the law. Criminal offenses committed by minors can lead to the alleged offenders having cases in juvenile courts.
Any arrest for operating vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs (OVI) in Ohio is frightening, but many people who are arrested for their first OVI offenses have never faced any kind of criminal charges before. OVI is referred to as driving under the influence (DUI) or driving while intoxicated (DWI) in other states, but the laws are generally the same and punish people who drive drunk.
Most arrests for operating vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs (OVI) in Ohio are misdemeanors. In certain circumstances, however, an alleged offender could face felony charges for an OVI arrest.
Ohio Revised Code § 4511.191 is the state’s implied consent law. Under this law, any motorist who is suspected of operating vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs (OVI) is deemed to have given their consent to a chemical test of their breath, blood, or urine.
When any person is stopped in Ohio on suspicion of operating vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs (OVI), they will inevitably be asked to submit to a chemical test, usually of their breath. Breath tests are commonly performed roadside with portable devices, but additional tests can also be performed on units at police stations.
Most people think of the crime of operating a vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs (OVI) as primarily being an alcohol-related offense. While alcohol is mentioned first, drugs are still another important form of impairment that is criminalized in Ohio.
Most operating a vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs (OVI) arrests in Ohio involve people allegedly intoxicated by alcohol, but some OVI arrests are drug-related. Marijuana is one of the most common kinds of controlled substances to be identified in most chemical tests.
Just like every other state in the nation, Ohio has an implied consent law that establishes that any driver in the state is deemed to have consented to submitting a specimen for chemical testing when they are stopped for an alleged operating vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs (OVI) offense. Refusing to submitting to testing will carry immediate administrative penalties, with the possible license suspension being even longer than the suspension for blowing and failing the test.
The experience of being pulled over while driving is always disconcerting, but people are usually left with financial penalties when they are issued citations. Many people simply pay their fines and go about their lives, but it is important to remember that paying a fine is the same as pleading guilty to the underlying traffic violation.
Ohio state law requires all motor vehicle operators who have knowledge of accidents or collisions to immediately stop their vehicles at the scenes of the crashes and provide all required information to police officers, people injured, and other drivers. Failure to fulfill these obligations is known as leaving the scene, which is more commonly referred to has a “hit and run” accident.
Ohio Revised Code § 2903.13 defines assault as knowingly causing or attempting to cause physical harm to another person or their unborn, or recklessly causing serious physical harm to another person or their unborn. Ohio has several different assault crimes, and while a simple assault is usually a misdemeanor offense, certain aggravating factors can result in felony charges.
When it comes to criminal charges, few offenses have as much immediate impact as a child pornography allegation. Even when a person is merely investigated for a child pornography offense, the experience can set off a staggering amount of mistrust among friends, family members, and co-workers.
People know that their lives have been dramatically altered as soon as they learn that they are even suspected for an alleged sex crime. A conviction for a sex offense in Ohio can only add to the possible complications to a person’s life.
People often use the terms assault and battery synonymously to describe the same criminal offense, and some states indeed have different criminal charges applicable to each of these crimes. Ohio has no criminal battery law, so the only violent crime a person can be charged with in Ohio is assault.
Domestic Violence Program — Visit this section of the Supreme Court of Ohio website to find technical assistance and specialized resources for domestic violence, stalking, and sexual assault. You can find stalking and sexually oriented offenses protection order forms, domestic violence protection order forms, and juvenile civil protection order forms. The website also has information about the batterer intervention program, selected research, domestic violence courts, and teen dating violence...
Marijuana use in Ohio is illegal, but offenses involving less than 100 grams are largely decriminalized such that possession of these amounts is a minor misdemeanor. The state also launched the Medical Marijuana Control Program (OMMCP) in 2017, giving qualified patients access to dispensaries selling marijuana within the state.
Many people who are arrested in Ohio have very little understanding of and familiarity with the criminal justice system. For this reason, some people often have numerous concerns about court appearances and what can be expected at each stage of a criminal case.
Pandering obscenity is a crime in Ohio that people are charged with then they promote or produce obscene material, and pandering obscenity involving a minor is a separate criminal offense that carries even greater penalties. Both crimes are felony offenses, so convictions can involve consequences that extend well beyond any prison term.
A protection is commonly referred to as a restraining order and is a powerful document because it is a court order that typically directs a person to specifically follow certain instructions. The person who files the complaint is the petitioner and the person who is the subject of the complaint is the respondent.
Certain criminal offenses may not involve any alleged victims being personally affected, but crimes of violence often involve serious injury or possibly even death to another person. Violent crimes are taken very seriously by prosecutors, as alleged offenders are often viewed as being threats to the safety of the general public.
Any arrest creates some very real employment consequences for most people. The risk of a jail or prison sentence can mean that individuals will be unable to go to work and jobs may be in jeopardy, but probation sentences can often help these offenders maintain employment while resolving their criminal defense cases.
Unlike the civil court system where trials are much more rare, plea bargains can be more difficult to arrive at than monetary settlements. For this reason, many criminal cases do end up going to trial. When a case does go to trial, many people are a little confused about what to expect. While movies and television shows have provided a somewhat glamorized version of what occurs during a trial, the actual process can be a little more taxing.
At the conclusion of a criminal case, a person who is convicted of a crime will have to be sentenced. A judge may impose a sentence immediately after the conclusion of a trial or a separate date may be set for sentencing. The court can also order a pre-sentence investigation to determine the appropriate sentence. When you are preparing for a sentencing hearing, you will want to make sure the court is aware of any mitigating factors that could lead to the most favorable sentence possible.
When police officers are investigating any criminal offense, they are incentivized to try and collect and preserve all of the evidence relating to the case. Authorities often realize how important evidence is to the criminal cases, and there can be instances where officers may not acquire evidence legally.
Drug trafficking is one of the most serious controlled substance crimes a person can be accused of. Drug trafficking can result in either state or federal charges. A drug trafficking offense usually involves a fairly significant amount of a controlled substance. Convictions for these types of crimes often carry enormous consequences, including lengthy prison sentences and huge fines.
Criminal offenses involving controlled substances account for a significant number of arrests in the Columbus area. Many people charged with drug crimes have not previously dealt with the criminal justice system. Every drug case is different, but certain issues are somewhat common and some questions are commonly asked by people in all cases. If you are seeking some answers to a few of the most frequently asked questions (FAQs) about drug cases, this page can hopefully provide many of the answers you seek.
An arrest warrant authorizes a police officer to take the named individual into custody. When an alleged offender was unaware of the existence of a warrant for their arrest, these encounters with police officers will frequently occur at very inconvenient times.